The importance of minerals in medical geology: impacts of the environment on health La importancia de los minerales en la geología médica: impactos del medio ambiente en la salud

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Carlos Alberto Ríos Reyes
María Paula Ríos Gutiérrez
Santiago Joya Neira


Objective: the purpose of this work is to review research on the role of minerals in Medical Geology, highlighting the importance and interrelationships between geological factors and human health. Materials and methods: qualitative study under the documentary approach from which a review of previous studies on the topic of interest was carried out, taking into account that there is an increasing interest between the health and geoscience communities by elucidating the geologic origins and flow of toxic elements in the environment that lead to human exposure through the consumption of food and water. Results: during the review process of the existing literature, it was evidenced that the advance of science and technology has allowed the opening of new lines of research that require multidisciplinary work with the participation of professionals in different areas of knowledge and the medical geology proposes collaboration between two broad fields of knowledge that apparently have no relationship, such as Earth sciences and biomedical sciences. Several aspects are considered, including the interaction between environment and health, which is very important for an extensive audience, including students, researchers, geological and biomedical professionals, policymakers and general public. Conclusion: medical geology should be considered as a component of the Colombia’s National Health Action Plan and therefore, to be most effective the Colombian geoscience community should be included as one of the key players or agencies involved in environmental health studies.


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Carlos Alberto Ríos Reyes, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Doctor en Ciencias Aplicadas. Escuela de Geología, Facultad de Ingenierías Fisicoquímicas, Universidad Industrial de Santander.
Bucaramanga, Colombia. 

María Paula Ríos Gutiérrez, Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga.

Estudiante de Medicina. Programa de Medicina, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga.

Santiago Joya Neira, Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga.

Estudiante de Medicina. Programa de Medicina, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga.
Bucaramanga, Colombia.


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