Terapia de restricción del lado sano como opción de manejo de personas con secuelas de enfermedad cerebrovascular.

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Leidy Tatiana Ordoñez Mora
Lizeth Johana Delgado Serna
Yuli Esmeralda Gutiérrez Muñoz
Mónica Yamile Pinzón Bernal
Julialba Castellanos Ruiz

Resumen

La terapia de restricción del lado sano se considera una de las alternativas actuales en neurorehabilitación, en esta se realiza un bloqueo del lado no afectado, propiciando así el desarrollo de habilidades en el lado hemipléjico, a partir de la práctica de actividades sucesivas y tareas adaptadas. Objetivo: los efectos a nivel de función de la mano espástica en adultos con hemiplejia a partir de un proceso de revisión de literatura contenida en diferentes bases de datos. Métodos: se realizó una búsqueda de literatura en diferentes bases de datos como Pubmed, PeDro, OtSeeker, Scient Direct, usando como término de búsqueda “stroke” and “constraint induced movement therapy; se recopiló la información que tratara acerca de la técnica y su aplicación en personas hemipléjicas adultas. Conclusiones: La literatura revisada muestra que la terapia de restricción del lado sano genera múltiples beneficios en cuanto a función del brazo y de mano específicamente, para la función motora de miembro superior (agarres, alcances) y por ende en independencia funcional. Se recomienda la aplicación de los protocolos más difundidos en población latinoamericana al igual que establecer costo efectividad y la adopción de esta estrategia en planes de intervención clínicos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Leidy Tatiana Ordoñez Mora, Fundación Universitaria María Cano

Fisioterapeuta especialista en neurorehabilitación y maestrante en neurorehabilitación, docente investigador del programa de pregrado de fisioterapia de la Fundación Universitaria María Cano.

Citas

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