Psychological adjustment in children and teenagers living with HIV

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Milgen Sánchez-Villegas
Lizeth Reyes-Ruiz
Ana Maria Trejos-Herrera

Resumen

Abstract


The main objective of this study was to describe the psychological adjustment in children and teenagers (n=14) between 6 and 15 years living with HIV. Quantitative study with descriptive design. Child Symptom Checklist CBCL/6-18 adapted to Latinos was used to assess psychological adjustment. Social competencies and school activities scale showed that 79% of the participants were in clinical range and 21% in the normal range. Syndrome scale showed that 43% of evaluated are in clinical range, 36% in normal range and 21% in borderline. The psychological adjustment perception referred by participant’s caregivers evidences a low level in the social capacities due to the low participation and skills in diverse activities; without links with social character organizations, minimum social red and school performance out of the expected. Also, the majority of the sample reflects psychosomatic behavior problems, aggressiveness and anxiety, indicating a psychological maladjustment of internalized and externalized type.


Keywords: HIV; AIDS, Psychological adjustment; Mental health.

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Sánchez-Villegas, M., Reyes-Ruiz, L., & Trejos-Herrera, A. M. (2020). Psychological adjustment in children and teenagers living with HIV. Tempus Psicológico, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.30554/tempuspsi.3.2.3417.2020 (Original work published 27 de febrero de 2020)
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Artículos Investigación
Biografía del autor/a

Milgen Sánchez-Villegas, Children International Colombia

Maestrante en Psicología. Becario Colciencias, Psicólogo. Programs Officer, Children International Colombia

Lizeth Reyes-Ruiz, Universidad Simón Bolívar

Posdoctora en Ciencias Sociales niñez y juventud. PhD Psicología, Mg Psicología. Esp. Gestión Proyectos Educativos. Esp. Psicología Clínica. Psicóloga. Directora Doctorado en Psicología Universidad Simón Bolívar.

Ana Maria Trejos-Herrera, Universidad del Norte

Posdoctora en Ciencias Sociales niñez y juventud. PhD Psicología. Psicóloga. Directora Doctorado en Psicología Universidad del Norte