Descriptive study of the initial cases of Covid-19 in a city in the interior of Ceará, Brazil Estudio descriptivo de los casos iniciales de Covid-19 en una ciudad del interior de Ceará, Brasil

Contenido principal del artículo

Francisco Rosemiro Guimarães Ximenes Neto
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7905-9990
Sandra Maria Carneiro Flor
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2266-9699
Regina Célia Carvalho da Silva
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3832-9624
Josiane Alves Dorneles
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5856-2941
Tarciana Ferreira-Serafim
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3707-4842
Francisco Wellington Dourado Júnior
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3326-338X
João Paulo Carneiro Marques
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9850-7034
Luciano Garcia Lourenção
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1240-4702
Maria Roselange Guimarães Ximenes
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0483-0872
Francisco Diogenes -dos-Santos
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0849-5525
Marcos Aguiar Ribeiro
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7299-8007
Eliany Nazaré Oliveira
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6408-7243
Cibelly Aliny Siqueira Lima Freitas
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0585-5345
Izabelle Mont'Alverne Napoleão-Albuquerque
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0856-5607

Resumen

Objective: to describe the sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical characteristics
of the initial cases of Covid-19 in the municipality of Sobral, Ceará, Brazil.
Materials and methods: descriptive, temporal and quantitative epidemiological study,
developed in the municipality of Sobral - Ceará, Brazil, with 110 confirmed cases of
Covid-19. Descriptive and analytical analysis was performed, using the Chi-square
test and Logistic Regression to verify the association between variables. The level
of significance was set at 95% (p≤0.05). Results: it was observed that 60% of cases
occurred in women, 74.5% were adults between 20 and 59 years old, 15.5% health
workers and the lethality rate was 1.8%. In 58.2% of cases the main reporting unit
was the hospital, 10% required hospitalization, and 64.5% were diagnosed with rapid tes. The main symptoms manifested were: cough (58.2%), fever (57.3%), sore throat (36.4%) and difficulty breathing (31.9%). There was an association between age and the presence of fever, cough and sore throat (p=0.05). Conclusion: the results suggest that older people are more susceptible to some symptoms when compared to younger people. Associated with global estimates, this work can provide subsidies for Covid-19 prevention and control actions in small and medium-sized Brazilian municipalities. 

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Detalles del artículo

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Artículos de COVID 19
Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Rosemiro Guimarães Ximenes Neto, University (UVA). Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Nurse. Doctor in Sciences. Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA). Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Sandra Maria Carneiro Flor, Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral.

Nurse. Master's student in Family Health. Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral. Ceará, Brazil. 

Regina Célia Carvalho da Silva, Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral. Ceará, Brazil.

Nurse. Doctoral student in Public Health. Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral. Ceará, Brazil.

Josiane Alves Dorneles, Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral. Ceará, Brazil.

Physician. Master in Family Health. Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral. Ceará, Brazil.  

Tarciana Ferreira-Serafim, Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral. Ceará, Brazil. 

5Dentist. Master's student in Family Health. Secretary of Health of the Municipality of Sobral. Ceará, Brazil. 

Francisco Wellington Dourado Júnior, Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA).

Nursing Student. Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA). Sobral, Ceará, Brazil.

João Paulo Carneiro Marques, Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Sobral Campus. Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Physical educator. Master's student in Family Health. Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Sobral Campus. Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Luciano Garcia Lourenção, Federal University of Rio Grande. Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. 

Nurse. Doctor in Health Sciences. School of Nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande. Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. 

Maria Roselange Guimarães Ximenes, INTA University Center (UNINTA). Sobral Campus. Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Physical education student. INTA University Center (UNINTA). Sobral Campus. Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Francisco Diogenes -dos-Santos, . Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Sobral Campus.

10Nurse. Master's student in Family Health. Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Sobral Campus. Sobral Campus. Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Marcos Aguiar Ribeiro, Federal University of São Paulo. São Paulo, Brazil. 

Nurse. Doctoral student in Sciences. Federal University of São Paulo. São Paulo, Brazil. 

Eliany Nazaré Oliveira, Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA).

Nurse. Doctor in Nursing. Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA). Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Cibelly Aliny Siqueira Lima Freitas, Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA). Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

13Nurse. Doctor in Nursing. Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA). Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

Izabelle Mont'Alverne Napoleão-Albuquerque, Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA)

14Nurse. Doctor in Nursing. Health Sciences Center, Vale do Acaraú State University (UVA). Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. 

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